House and Feeding


Care, Feeding and Housing of
Chinese Blue Breasted Quail
also known as:
“Button Quail”

         Fortunately, Button Quail (Chinese Blue Breasted Quail) are not  too particular about their housing, and if a few minor needs are met, they adapt comfortably to nearly any enclosure.

      Since they are originally from the sub-tropical climates of S.E. China, their body structure does not lend well to cold outdoor climates.  They are anatomically built to travel with their bodies close to the ground for  camouflage purposes.  In cold wet climates their body structure works against them.  Since cold air is heavier than warm air, the air closest to the ground is always the coldest.

Although the quail you buy are captive bred, their anatomy has not changed over they years.  They are still the smallest quail in the world.

In their natural environment they are exposed to temperatures that average around 70 degrees F. (21.1 C)  A comfortable temperature for domestically bred Chinese Blue Breasted Quail is 85 degrees F (29.4 C) to 45 degrees F (7.2 C)  They can sustain higher and lower temperatures for short periods of time, but it is important to realize that temperatures outside their comfort range force them to  waste valuable energy trying to maintain a comfortable body temperature.  For breeding birds, especially hens, long term exposure to cooler temperatures can be fatal.

Pairs Versus Colony Housing:


     The most important factor in choosing proper housing for your quail is understanding their MONOGAMOUS behavior.  Unlike other types of quail, they do not live in family groups (coveys) in the wild.  Instead, they pair off 1 male and 1 female and live in isolated pairs.  If forced to live in colony conditions (more than 1 pair per cage) territorial disputes will eventually erupt into a feather pulling battle. The fight can become serious enough to draw blood, and may eventually lead to a fatality.  Both hens and males defend their territory with equal tenacity.

Type of Housing: What Cage is best?

     Because they are small and terrestrial, (ground dwellers) they can easily adapt to most types of commercial bird cages. (We sell one that we especially designed with their comfort and well being in mind.  It is also designed for easy maintenance. 

This is the cage that we manufacture for sale here at Bracken Ridge Ranch. Click on the Cages For Sale Tab in the index on the left side of the page for more information.

When choosing a cage for each pair, look  for one that has no less that 1 square foot of floor space.  Long, low narrow cages are ideal.  The cage should have bars or welded wire with spacing of  no more than 1/2 inch .  An  ideal height for their cage is no more than 12 to 14 inches.  Since Chinese Blue Breasted Quail  have a “sudden flight factor” when frightened , shorter cages prevent them from gaining enough momentum to violently fly into the top of the cage.  Although they may still fly upward in the shorter cage when frightened, they generally cannot hit the inside top of it with enough force to cause serious damage.  

     When first placing a pair in a new cage it is sometimes a good idea to place a piece of cardboard or other solid object on top of their cage until they are used to their new habitat.  Since they have  a limited short distance sight range, they tend not to attempt to fly upward if they do not have a clear view of the area above them.

Because of their small delicate feet, Chinese Blue Breasted Quail require solid flooring.  They do not do well on cages with wire bottoms.  Although cages with wire inserts across the bottom make it easier for owners to maintain, they are uncomfortable  for the quail.

In addition to bird cages, there are other manufactured cages that may work, such as rodent or rabbit cages.

Containers made from plastic or glass, such as the type designed for fish or reptiles are not recommended for adult quail.  These solid wall containers lack proper ventilation and were never designed for birds.  Humidity from droppings and dribbled water can quickly build in them creating an environment in which ammonia and heat  are produced.  This can quickly cause an environment that breeds a multitude of toxic and bacterial micro-organisms.

Solid plastic and glass containers  also filter out almost all of the short U.V. rays which are necessary for the birds well being.

Your cage should have wire on all four sides and on the top, but should have a solid bottom.  This allows for good air exchange which will help keep the bedding dryer and provide a healthier environment for your quail.

Food and Water Containers:

     The location of food and water cups is a major consideration.  Because most cages are designed for perching birds, the cups are generally designed to fit well above the floor at the level of the first perch or higher.  If this is the case, you will have to replace them with low profile cups or dishes that can be easily accessed by the quail.